Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) has produced an online checklist for people like you who are starting a business. Using the links below, you can get information about your fiscal obligations and their implications. You can also get information on interactions between your business and the CRA.
Follow the checklist step by step, returning to it after exploring each link. For more information after consulting these links, visit Small business and self-employed.
Before you start
For income tax purposes, CRA defines a business as an activity where there is a reasonable expectation of profit and there is evidence to support that intention. For goods and services tax/harmonized sales tax (GST/HST) purposes, a business can also include an activity whether or not it is engaged in for profit, as well as any regular and continuous activity that involves leasing property.
The type of business structure you choose will affect how you report your business income, the type of returns you have to complete, and many other aspects of your business. To find out the impact that your choice of structure might have on your business, consult each of the links below:
Start a business
Are you an employer— Determining if you have employees and requesting a determination of an individual’s employment status.
Registering your business— Getting a unique number for your business to simplify your dealings with federal and provincial governments as well as municipal jurisdictions.
CRA program accounts— Adding one of the available program accounts listed below to your business number (BN). For specific information on any of these accounts, click on the appropriate links below:
- GST/HST program account
- Payroll program account
- Corporate income tax program account
- Import/export program account
- Other program accounts
Business income and expenses— Reporting business income, business expenses, and completing a statement of business or professional activities.
Keeping records— Knowing what you need to keep, and for how long.
My Business Account— Dealing with the CRA from a secure online portal on various business accounts, including GST/HST, payroll, corporation income tax, excise tax, and excise duties.
E-services for businesses— Making it faster and easier with our online services to handle your business tax matters. You, your employee, or representative can file your returns, make payments, determine entitlement to credits, register for direct deposit, and do much more.
Income taxes— Reporting your business earnings and paying income tax on those earnings.
Bring assets into a business— Transferring assets from one business structure to another, buying an existing business and establishing fair market value.
Remitting GST/HST— Getting information about filing your GST/HST returns.
Payroll— Getting information and forms associated with amounts you withhold from the remuneration and other income amounts you pay.
Import and export— Getting information about importing and exporting goods.
Change in your business status— Getting information on how to change a business status and the possible effects of making such a change.
If you are thinking of forming a small business or are currently operating a small business, or need direction with any of the matters addressed in this article, please do not hesitate to contact Paul Barbeau at (604) 688-4900 ext 11, email me, or connect with me on LinkedIn.